When renovating an older style home, one area that home owners may overlook is the ceiling and the plaster design options that can all be incorporated.
When you think about it - the ceiling is the most exposed part of every home. You cannot cover it up with furniture or art. Any defects or faults are very obvious.
The height of your ceiling makes a dramatic difference in how you feel in a room - lofty and spacious or low set and cosy
One feature of the ceiling that ties the ceiling into the overall design of a room are the cornices.
In Australia we call it a cornice but in the UK it is often referred to as coving and in the USA moulding is the term often used
It can be confusing with these three terms being used when trying to do research
First off - What exactly is a cornice ( or cove or moulding)?
In an interior room, the cornice covers the join of where the wall joins the ceiling. Often the wall and ceiling will crack away from each other and a cornice will fix this issue - Unless you have your heart set upon your builder creating a square-set ceiling.
Or another modern solution is a 'P50 shadowline' This involves installing a metal bead that sits the ceiling out from the walls which give an illusion of a floating ceiling. It works incredibly well in a modern or contemporary room.
Apart from a cornice adding a decorative feature, they can help with minimising shadows for high ceiling. If a cornice is curved it will bounce light from the ceiling upwards and break up shadows especially in the corners.
Cornices are usually made of two materials in Australia - Styrofoam and plaster based and there are hundreds and hundreds of design styles to choose from and many options on where to order from as well.
Working Out What Style Of Cornice For Your Home
In Brisbane there are 3 main houses styles that are being restored to their former glory and they are homes that were built in the Victorian, Federation and Art Deco eras
When choosing your design style, work out your homes era and research other homes that have been renovated and work out what you like! An experienced plasterer will also have some great feedback on what they have seen and worked with during other renovation or restoration work. There is no use choosing design styles that suit the home but they are not to your personal taste.
The great thing about many Queenslander homes is that they were built by small building companies and the tradesmen used their own personal design styles.
Some General Guidelines Are:
Your home will look best if all the trims and finishes are cohesive with a similar style througout and this includes all the floor, ceiling, wall and window trims.
More formal rooms, such as living or dining rooms you may opt for larger design features such as wider cornices and adding plaster feature work like a ceiling rose or rosettes. The rule "Less is More" is always advised if you are unsure of how far to push this.
Consider The Rooms
High-ceilinged rooms will suit decorative cornices.
Rooms with standard ceiling heights should choose something a little smaller to stop the room looking even smaller and there are still classic designs for these rooms such as the classic C Shape or sleek S Shape
Once you have decided the style of cornice you will need different widths depending on the rooms ceiling height. A great guideline is below - you will need to write down each rooms ceiling height.
Ceilings heights and cornice size
4.3 metres and above use a 200mm cornice
2.75 metres and above use 90mm to 120mm
2.75 metres and below use 50mm to 70mm
Narrower cornices can be added to the tops of built in wall units or cupboards
Additional Features and Trims
Once your cornices have been selected some rooms will benefit from having extra decorative plaster features up close to them.
Some ideas :
Decorative air vents
Ceiling roses or sometimes called Ceiling Centres - Dependent upon your light fitting selection
Ceiling panels - Dependent upon your light fitting selection
Brisbane Plaster Pro are experienced with renovation and restoration work.
We love installing decorative pieces. It is the most satisfying feeling to work on a home that has found it's former glory.
Call us today on 07 3064 686
Ornamental Plaster Installation By Qualified Plasterers Ensures A Quality Finish
Stop Further Damage By Repairing Plaster Walls
How To Fix a Hole In A Plaster Wall
Plaster is a fantastic building material and pretty robust when it is taken care of. Keeping your plastered walls in good repair will save you money in the long run and minimise an extensive plaster repair bill when the little plaster cracks turn into a bigger plaster repair job. In Brisbane, plastering repairs and small cracks is something that you can easily do your self
Patching small holes and plaster cracks is easy and it is important that they are fixed.
Over time where the cracks or breaks are in the plasterboard, moisture damage is likely. Brisbane weather is already humid so keeping plasterboard intact and strong is important. Dust can also settle in cracks and when moisture hits the dust it will expand the crack and it will also discolour the area and make it really noticeable
Plaster patching kits are easily bought from a local hardware store and are easy to use. The Poly Kit which is available from Bunnings. It is straight forward to use and can fill in cracks and suitable to patch a hole up to 8cms and everything is included in the kit that you will need.
It is always a great idea to know what colour your walls are painted and to have a little spare paint to use with patch jobs
If their are numerous larger cracks or holes - you may need to call in the experts. At Brisbane Plaster Pro we can quickly repair and patch damaged walls for you.
Preventing Plaster Damage
The most common plaster repair we have to do is where a door knob or a door handle has made a hole in the wall. This damage is so easily avoided by making sure every doorway has a door stop.
They cost a couple of dollars and they will save you hundreds of dollars in plaster repairs.
If you are in a rental - Don't risk not getting your bond back by having plaster wall damage.
Ask your property manager for door stops or go and spend the money yourself. It will save you from trying to repair the plaster damage yourself or having the property manager use your bond money pay for a Brisbane handyman to fix it.
When hanging pictures on your walls - Use proper hanging screws.
Screws will hold into a plaster wall better than a nail or a tack. The screw will also cause less damage to the plaster surface. When putting in a nail or tack - often the plaster wall will chip when you are banging the nail in
If you have a room that is prone to dampness or moisture - Using a dehumidifier or moisture absorbing tubs will help to stop moisture damage in that room or area.Our tropical climate in Brisbane and extra moisture on the walls will weaken it and start the plasterboard to absorb the moisture and start to expand and crack as well as being the perfect area for mould to start growing.
Plaster can also crack when a house shifts on it's foundations. This is also called settling and often happens in a new home as the foundations adjust to the environment
The recent dry spell meant that the soil dried out and compacted causing many homes new and old, to develop cracks in various areas on the walls.
If possible ensuring that the earth around your home is kept at healthy soil moisture levels will help to ease this problem of the foundations moving and the opposite is also true if you tend to get a flooded area where there is poor drainage. Getting this water moving away from your home is an important job and you may need to consult a plumber or landscape gardener.
When Do I call A Plasterer?
If you notice cracks starting to widen at the top near the ceiling - then your ceiling may be shifting or moving.
If you notice that the plaster is bulging or bellying out - then the plasterboard is bowed out and may need to be re screwed into the wall.
If this is happening to your ceiling - then the plaster is either too heavy for the ceiling struts and not screwed in securely or their are not enough ceiling struts in the area to cope with the plaster weight load and you will need to call in a Brisbane plastering company in to repair this as a ceiling can come away and cause damage to anything underneath it.
Our professional plastering team is always on call to help with all your Brisbane plastering needs and plastering repairs.
Call us on 07 3064 0686
New Ceiling Options
You are reclined back on the couch and you happen to look up and that is when you notice it!
The ceiling has some sort of sag happening and it is obvious the cornices are out of whack. Once you notice it, all you can now see every time you enter the room is the wonky ceiling!
The Brisbane heat and humidity, unfortunately it will affect a ceiling in how it looks. The standard plasterboard that is typically used for walls and cooler climate ceilings is not as durable as other plasterboard options.
The reasons why your ceiling might be sagging the ceiling joists are more than 600mm wide
Or is there is weight that the plasterboard is having to cope with.
This maybe ceiling insulation that is not installed properly and it is resting on the plaster sheets, or you may have had new down lights installed and they have added extra weight or have you had new ceiling fans installed?
These all increase the weight pulling on the plasterboard sheets.
Or maybe with the Brisbane storms there is some water damage happening above and it has weakened an area.
When you have your new ceiling installed there are specific ceiling plaster boards. These boards will be still 10mm thick, but they have an extra advanced performance-to-weight ratio, meaning greater strength in a substantially lighter board. The Gyprock brand has this ceiling board option and we love the finish it gives on a ceiling with a crisp finish
This ceiling plasterboard works perfectly for all residential and commercial ceiling options that are not exposed to high moisture levels like that in bathrooms.
At Brisbane Plaster Pro, we make sure that the plastering work and materials we use are suited for each area of the building and what sort of use that area will be used for.
Ceiling and Cornice Types
Now that you know about what sort of plasterboard is best for your new ceiling, have you considered the different finishes that you can have ?
The Plain Ceiling is the most common ceiling and sometimes it is the only option when there are height constraints. The ceiling is flat plasterboard sheeting and typically painted either a true white or the same colour as the walls and cornices (if a shade of white has been used). The plaster sheets are attached to an aluminum frame or timber battens.
Cornices are recommended to gaps from appearing at where wall and ceiling seams or joins.
If you do not want cornices , you can look into a square set ceiling but they are an added expense.
90mm cornices are the standard option and they will always make a ceiling and wall join look finished.
If you have a character style home, ceilings and cornices played a big part in the overall aesthetics. Many of these homes have high ceilings and more ornate finishes give a fantastic overall look to a room.
You may want decorative cornice work and there are hundreds of design options readily available.
Decorative plaster panels are another option and add focal points into the feature rooms ceiling, the plaster panels are pre-moulded and unpainted and they do require some skill to lay them. Brisbane Plaster Pro's team are very experienced in working with all ceiling styles and product options.
Or if you prefer a more modern finish a 'P50 shadowline' gives the appearance of a floating ceiling. It will require a Shadowline Bead installed before the plaster sheeting goes on.
It is important to get the right advice from plastering experts who will use the right Gyprock products for the Brisbane conditions.
Getting this right will give you a perfect ceiling that whenever you look up, you will not see any glaringly obvious sags or unevenness.
At Brisbane Plaster Pro, we are all about looking after our customers by giving them the right advice and ensuring they get value for money and satisfaction that the job was done right!
For any more information, call us on 07 3064 0686
You can also contact us via sliding contact form on this page.
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